INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF UNIFORM INSIGNIA

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EUROPE - MILITARY BRANCH & RANK INSIGNIA New Russian 4 star generals/admirals insignia of ranks (36)
Though Masorin wears a new (2013) shoulder insignia of Fleet Admiral, he continues wearing pre 2011 sleeve insignia (FA had an anchor within the star like other admirals). Since 2011, FA's sleeve star is solid (fully covered). ...
Nati > 22-August-2014 20:13:22

EUROPE - MILITARY BRANCH & RANK INSIGNIA Encyclopedia: Political Directorate of the Red Army COMMENTS (1)
You are right, Luke2 - particularly, all this was indicated in a corresponding Order of the People's Commissariat of Defense (НКО) # 226 on 26 July 1940 "Командный и политический состав на петлицах носят эмблемы своего рода войск (The Commanding and Political Staffs are wearing their military branch emblems on their collar tabs)"...
Dorward_Bis > 21-August-2014 20:44:21

EUROPE - MILITARY BRANCH & RANK INSIGNIA Italian Social Republic (1943 - 1945) - GNR rank insignia (0)
Hi everyone I present you all the rank insignia of the National Republican Guard. The National Republican Guard (Italian: Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana, or GNR) was the force tasked with gendarmerie duties, as well as political police and counter-guerrilla warfare within the Italian Social Republic (or Repubblica Sociale Italiana) from 1943 to 1945. This corps resulted from the merger of MVSN (the Kingdom of Italy fascist militia), the PAI (colonial police) and the Royal Carabinieri. Rank insignia mirrored the rank insignia of the Royal Army before the Cassabile Armistice, albeit their shape was a merger between MVSN ranks and Army/Carabinieri one, especially for officers. Ranks are translated in the following way: Generale = General (three stars General) Tenente Generale = Lieutenant General (two stars General, during WW2 Italian division commanders were styled "Lieutenant General") Maggiore Generale = Major General (one star General) Colonnello = Colonel Tenente Colonnello = Lieutenant Colonel Maggiore = Major Capitano = Captain Tenente = Lieutenant Sottotenente = 2nd Lieutenant Officer rank insignia were silver-braid cuff insignia, in a way similar to the Navy ranks. Aiutante, Aiutante Capo and Primo Aiutante were the sub-officers, rather than Warrant Officers or NCOs. Their silver-on-black insignia were for shoulder board. Eventually, NCOs and troops: Brigadiere: Chief Sergeant Vice Brigadiere: Sergeant Milite Scelto: Private 1st class Milite: Private NCOs and Troops wore sleeve/arm insignia, with insignia embroided on the jacket upper arm. Brigadiere and Vice Brigadiere were also Carabinieri ranks; while Brigadiere and Vice Brigadiere insignia were in silver braid, the Milite Scelto's insignia was red. The Milite rank wore no rank insignia. ...
Helios88 > 20-August-2014 10:33:20

AMERICA - MILITARY BRANCH & RANK INSIGNIA New Insignia of Rank for Nicaragua (5)
Rank Pictures (Cont.):...
punkhung > 18-August-2014 5:56:18